How Does Marital Property Division Work in Idaho?


When it comes to family law, especially surrounding a divorce, you likely have many questions. Take, for example, the division of marital property–a topic that, despite its incredible importance, leaves many people feeling confused and frustrated. Today, we’re here to provide answers to your marital property division questions and help you structure effective conversations with a divorce attorney.

Here’s what you need to know.

Marital Property Division FAQs

Family law is an important branch of the legal system that can overlap with some of the most stressful events in your life, including divorce. If you have questions about marital property division, it’s crucial to find the answers to manage your divorce more smoothly and confidently.

Review these key facts about property division in Idaho:

Do all states have the same property laws?

Different states have different property laws. In Idaho, the “community property laws” mean that most or all of the property, assets, and debts acquired during a marriage are to be split equally between each spouse.

However, there are certain things that may not fall within the community property law, which means ownership would revert back to the spouse who acquired the asset or debt in the first place. A prenuptial agreement can impact the determination of community vs. separate property, as can the nature of the asset or the details regarding its acquisition.

Here are a few things that may fall into the “separate property” category in Idaho:

  • Property one spouse owned before marriage.
  • Gifts or inheritance during the marriage.
  • Assets acquired through the sale of separate property.
  • Addiction-related debts.

If you have assets you believe are separate property, it’s essential to be able to prove this through financial or legal records.

Do couples have to decide on marital property division?

It’s generally ideal for couples to decide for themselves how to divide community property. However, there are many elements that can impact this process, including:

  • Fault: Under Idaho law, some divorces are considered “at-fault” processes, which means one spouse has more responsibility than the other in the separation. If a divorce is considered at fault, the spouse who isn’t at fault may receive a higher percentage of community property.
  • Income: If income or earning capacity is significantly different between spouses, there may need to be further consideration before community property is distributed.
  • Child custody: In some cases, a spouse with full child custody may be entitled to more community property or more of the property’s value.

Because of these complexities, some couples can’t decide on marital property division alone. When this is the case, the court becomes involved.

How is property value assessed?

If couples agree on property division themselves, they must also work out the value of the property to be divided, often through receipts, legal documents, or appraisals. In cases where the court makes these decisions, courts generally assign value to each asset or debt.

What about debts?

Remember that it isn’t just physical property, like cars or houses, distributed between spouses. Debts are also considered community property under Idaho law. That means mortgages, car payments, credit card debt, and more may be split between parties. However, there are certain cases–including addiction-related scenarios–where a debt counts as separate property.

How a Divorce Attorney Can Help

Marital property division is one of the more complicated elements of family law–and easily one of the most stressful. As such, many couples turn to a divorce attorney for help navigating the specifics.

Here are a few ways a divorce attorney can help settle your property division concerns:

Legal knowledge

You likely don’t know the details of every last Idaho law, so you may feel overwhelmed by the divorce process. A divorce attorney helps overcome this stress by providing simple, straightforward advice, explanations, and legal support. For example, a divorce attorney can help you determine whether an asset or debt should be defined as separate or community property.


In many cases, having a third party present is helpful–or even required–when discussing divorce agreements like property division. A divorce attorney can help you work with your spouse to find compromises or arrangements that work for everyone.


If you and your spouse can’t agree on fair terms, you may need representation–someone who can help ensure you argue your case effectively, make all the right points, and appeal to the court if necessary. A divorce attorney can help with all these things and more, giving you the support you need to navigate the divorce process more confidently.

In conclusion, family law–and, by extension, marital property division–can be complicated and sometimes stressful. To help achieve ideal results and simplify the legal process, it’s wise to have a divorce attorney on your side.

Are you navigating a divorce? Contact us today to learn more about how a divorce attorney can help.